In her book “For Equals Only: Race, Equality, and the Equal Protection Clause,” assistant professor of philosophy at Fresno State Dr. Tina Fernandes Botts traces the shift in interpretations by the Supreme Court of the 14th Amendment that allows for the dismissal of racial discrimination. Botts brings to light the current misuse of laws historically meant to protect and empower, which are being used to exclude people of color. The book is published by Rowman & Littlefield and is available through Amazon, Barnes and Noble and Books-a-Million.